In 1987, two brothers, Thomas and John Kroll, began work on an image editing software, which was eventually acquired in 1988 and released to the world in 1990 by Adobe. That software was Photoshop 1.0, initially exclusive for the Macintosh platform. Over the years, Photoshop became a great wizard of image editing and gained application rockstar status.
Naturally, most of us are familiar with Photoshop, but more than 20 years later, the game has definitely changed, and there have been a growing number of various complaints about the software. From its high price to it being too graphic and processor intensive, Photoshop is losing its luster.
Perhaps the greatest uproar happened in 2013, when Adobe announced they were switching to a subscription-based model for their applications. Having to pay a monthly fee to use Photoshop infuriated lots of people, leaving them disillusioned and on the hunt for a better way.
While Photoshop is still the king of hardcore image manipulation, the truth is that, in 2015, there are lots of great alternatives available for Mac OS X. Some are completely free, and others cost money, though they're more affordable than Adobe's subscription-based offering in the long run. So if you're looking for a good Photoshop alternative, here are 9 you should try.
The Photos app that comes with OS X is far from being a Photoshop replacement, but it does have a couple things going in its favor.
First of all, it's free. Secondly, Photos offers you basic photo editing tools like auto-enhance, rotate, crop, filters, adjustments, and retouching. And as of El Capitan, Photos integrates nicely with third-party editing extensions, and Apple is committed to improving the software. In time, Photos will become quite powerful, especially since Apple is no longer working on Aperture.
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Pixelmator 1.0 was released in 2007 by Lithuanian brothers Saulius and Aidas Dailide, quickly becoming a favorite of Mac users. Built upon a solid foundation of both open-source and OS X technologies, Pixelmator is blazing fast. Moreover, it features a huge assortment of the classic tools that Photoshop offers and is also pretty user-friendly.
Pixelmator will easily take care of pretty much all of your photo editing needs, so its $30 price tag is really a bargain when compared to similar pieces of software. If you're on the fence, check out the free 30-day trial and judge it for yourself.
GNU Image Manipulation Program, better known as GIMP, is an old-school classic that's free and open-source. Created in 1995 as a project by two University of California, Berkeley students, Spencer Kimball and Peter Mattis, GIMP is a full-fledged image editor and replicates a lot of the functionality that Photoshop offers.
GIMP also follows a lot of the interface principles of Photoshop to deliver as much of the same experience as possible without the heavy price tag or system resources. GIMP also is highly customizable and has an expansive support community thanks to its open-source and free nature. GIMP runs on Mac, Windows, and Linux systems, so go ahead and check it out.
"The image editor for humans" is the tagline for this image editor developed by Gus Mueller (Flying Meat), and for good reason. Acorn is pretty easy to use for all skill levels, packing in the features from non-destructive editing tools to shape processors, layers, and scripts—and the list goes on.
Acorn also runs pretty fast and is designed to help you get up and running in creating cool photos without breaking your bank account. Acorn goes for a one-time fee of only $30 and offers a 14-day trial so you can try before you buy.
After more than 5 years in the making, Affinity Photo is the new kid on the block, but it's an absolute beast when it comes to image editing. It's a professional-grade image editor, offering a complete workflow for professionals from comprehensive RAW editing to the ability to work in any color space to its exhaustive file compatibility list, making it a complete digital darkroom solution.
Furthermore, by utilizing exclusive OS X technologies like OpenGL, Grand Central Dispatch, Core Graphics, and more, Affinity Photo is blazing fast even when rendering massive photography projects. The program is available for $50, but there's a free 10-day trial so that you can give it a whirl before committing.
Photoshop Elements is made by Adobe and is basically the little brother of Photoshop. For starters, Elements is much more user-friendly, scaling back on some of the more-advanced features found in Photoshop, but packed with all the common photo-editing tools you'd need.
Photoshop Elements focuses a lot on guiding new to intermediate users in organizing, transforming, creating, and sharing their photos. However the program does tend to lag a bit, especially on older machines, but it's a great launchpad for users just getting their feet wet.
Yes, another Adobe product that is essentially another little brother to Photoshop, but Lightroom is geared towards helping photographers manage their photo collections, both for the amatuer and pro.
Lightroom focuses on the workflow process from the initial import to the final export of your photo library. It also has photo-retouching tools to help you spice up your images. While the products runs for $149 up front (but is available for $9.99/month), there is a free trial available.
AfterShot Pro by Corel is another worthy choice that offers a complete RAW editing workflow, advanced non-destructive editing options, a full photo management solution, and a lot more.
It's also fast, making sure your workflows are not hindered by lag. Though the audience for AfterShot Pro is more suited towards those working with RAW files, it's definitely an editor that can stand on its own.
Seashore, created by Mark Pazolli, is a free and open-source image editor based off GIMP with a much simpler design philosophy. In this regard, Seashore is not a full-blown Photoshop replacement, rather it will provide you with the tools to help you easily touch up your photos, making it great for beginners. While it might not have some of the advanced tools that others have, Seashore can still hold its own, so be sure to check it out.
There is a huge variety of Photoshop replacements available, and depending on your needs and desires, the ideal choice will vary for you. Personally, I've been a fan of Pixelmator, and have started looking more into Affinity Photo recently. The cool thing about all these programs is that they're either free or cost you a relatively low one-time fee, and offer trials so you can try them out before dropping any cash down.
What are your favorite Photoshop alternatives for Mac OS X?